Biological Factors Of Addiction, Why Addiction Is A Brain Disease: An addiction medicine group says it’s more about the brain’s neurology than the outer indications of behavioral disorders and poor decisions.
Earlier this year, the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) issued a revised definition of addiction that includes behaviors other than problematic substance consumption for the first time.
Over the course of four years, a team of 80 professionals in the field of addiction research came to the conclusion that addictions is a neurological disorder, not a behavioral one.
Biological Factors Of Addiction, Why Addiction Is A Brain Disease
Impulse Control Is Change
The frontal cortex of the brain is also affect addiction, which alters your ability to control your impulses and make sound decisions in various ways.
ASAM calls this “pathological pursuit of rewards” when addicts return into their addictive activity in order “to feel normal.” Preventing oneself from acting on impulse and delaying satisfaction are two functions of the frontal cortex.
It is thought that early substance exposure is associate with addiction later in life since this part of the brain is still developing in young adulthood, according to the ASAM experts
Addiction Modifies The Reward System In Your Brain
Addiction alters your brain’s reward, motivation, memory, and related circuits to the point. That where your incentives are altered and your addictive behaviors replace healthy, self-care activities.
The brain’s reward system is also alter in a way that the memory of previous rewards. Whether food, sex, or drugs can trigger a biological and behavioral reaction. That engage in the addictive behavior again, despite negative consequences, and sometimes even when you no longer find pleasure in the activity.
Addiction, according the ASAM definition, is characterized by:
- Inability to refrain continuously
- Behavioral control impairment
- Drug cravings or heightened “hunger” for pleasurable events
- Reduced awareness of issues with your behaviors & relationships
- An abnormal emotional reaction
Other Characteristics Of Addictive Behavior
These disorders are also prevalent in addiction:
- External stimuli trigger cravings and addictive behaviors.
- Also after long periods of sobriety, there is a chance of recurrence.
- Despite growing difficulties, many are resistant to change.
Addiction Can Result In Emotional Changes
According to ASAM, emotional changes in addiction could include:
- Anxiety, dysphoria, or emotional suffering have all increased.
- Situations that appear to be more distressing than they are
- Difficulty recognizing and expressing emotions
The Treatment Implications
Addicts have always sought and received therapy for a specific substance or habit. Because the underlying reason was not treat, the person occasionally substitute one addiction for another. Also, which ASAM refers to as “pathological pursuit of rewards.”
ASAM believes that comprehensive addiction therapy should address all active and potential addictive substances and behaviors. The reality that addiction is a basic, chronic brain disorder does not free addicts of responsibility for their actions.