Dissociative Disorder | Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis & Risks: A dissociative disorder of identity is when a person has two or more distinct personalities or identities. Multiple personality disorder was previously known.
A person with a disorder of dissociative identity (DID) often has a “passive, dependent, and depressed” “primary person.”
They may have a different age and gender, alternate personalities or ages, and have other humour and preferences.
Therefore it believes that these alternative personalities are in control. If a character is not in control, it dissociates or separates and can’t know what’s going on.
Dissociative Disorder | Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis & Risks
DID symptoms may vary according to the number of age, social status, and other conditions. Hence they may affect a person’s quality of life.
DID symptoms in adults include: symptoms
- A “lost time” sense
- Two or more personalities exhibition (alters)
- Detachment feelings (dissociation)
- Laps in memory
- Out of the conduct of a character
- Out-of-character behaviour results from the control of alternative identities.
- Emotional neglect, sexual abuse, and violence all are at greater risks for children.
Children’s symptoms include:
- Have troubling memories and dreams
- Being “zoning” or not responsive (dissociating)
- Trauma reminders mental distress (triggering)
- Trauma or recollection of physical reactions as convulsions
- Exhibit unforeseen changes in preferences for food and activities
- In infancy, DID is thought to develop, and over time symptoms may get more brutal.
Risk Factors And Causes
Dissociation or separation, in particular in childhood, is a common mechanism for coping with extreme stress and trauma. DID is one of many disorganizations.
People of all ages, races, gender and social backgrounds may develop DID, but physical, emotional, or childhood sexual abuse is the most critical risk factor.
Therefore Dissociation or detachment from reality can be a way to protect the principal person from a painful physical or mental experience.
In this way, another person experiences the trauma, leaving little or no memory of the event for the person.
DID is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and various other conditions of mental health.
Other disorders include the following:
- amnesia dissociative
- Stress disorder of acute
- Anxiety, trouble, and depression
Hence, the criteria of diagnosis and statistics for mental disorders in the 5th edition for adults and children are used DSM-5.
Your doctor will also ask the person or your child’s caregiver about your symptoms and will usually refer you to a mental health expert.
A person must be diagnosed with DID:
- Show two or more personalities (age), which disturb the person’s identity, behaviour, awareness, memory, perception, cognition, or senses.
- Have deficiencies in personal data and everyday events, and traumatic events in their memories.
- Have symptoms that cause significant workplace and social distress.
- Disruptions cannot see as part of accepted cultural or religious practices. For example, children who can’t explain the symptoms of imaginary friends or play pretend.
- Ameliorate or have chaotic behaviour not caused by drug use or alcohol.
The interview schedule and the Rorschach Inkblot method includes among the diagnostic tests.
Once a person diagnoses correctly, therapy is an integral part of DID learning.
DID (talking therapy) is usually treated with psychotherapy and focuses on:
- Educate a person on their status
- Increasing sensitivity and emotional tolerance
- Control the impulses of a person
- Avoid further dissociation
- Current relationships management, stressors, and daily work
- In DID people who received treatment, one study found significant improvements over time.
The goal is not to reduce all the personalities to one person or to remove additional characteristics.
The main goal is to help all the individuals live in harmony and cooperate and help a person identify what is triggering them to switch to get ready.
Living With DID
People with DID often call themselves alters or multiples. Hence it has a significant impact on mental health, relationships, and the ability of a person to work.
It can be frustrating, frustrating, and insulating to live with DID. Many people are not diagnose until they are adults, so years of scary symptoms can occur without knowing why.
The alternate personalities of a person may not always cooperate. If another person takes control, a person can “wake up,” without memory, in an unknown place.
The individuals can, however, also work together well and help a person deal with everyday situations.
Others may not notice changes between individuals because some DID do not show noticeable changes to the outside.
Some DID patients may also be socially affected. Many people know DID only from what they read in fiction or saw in films. People with DID have no violent personality as an alternate – this is indeed rare.
DID can be diagnosed often for a long time and accompanied by other conditions of mental health. Hence strengths, guilt, shame, and depression can result from the social stigma around DID.
DID persons have increased self-risk and Trusted Source suicide risks. Therefore correct diagnosis and quick treatment are necessary and can save lives.
Therapy can significantly increase the quality of life of individuals with DID and reduce other mental health problems.