Home Health Split Personality | Disorder, Causes, Treatment & Diagnosis

Split Personality | Disorder, Causes, Treatment & Diagnosis

Split Personality

Split Personality Disorder | Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis:  This article addresses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and more of a split personality disorder. A split personality is a mental disorder (DID) in which a person has two or more distinct personalities. Every personality’s thinking, actions, and behaviors can be entirely different.

This condition is often caused by trauma, especially during infancy. Long-term treatment may aid people in combining their personalities in one while no defined cure exists for DID.

Split Personality | Disorder, Causes, Treatment & Diagnosis

Split Personality Disorder

Split Personality Disorder

A divided person is a popular DID term. DID has known multiple personality disorders in the past.

DID persons have two different characteristics or more. They are not simple features or mood changes. An individual with DID expresses significant differences, also known as alters, among these alternative identities.

These personalities are often totally different. Hence fragmented personalities have for some time taken over the identity of the person.

A person will also maintain their original identity or host identity and will answer their particular name. In general, their principal identity is more passive trustee Source, and other personalities cannot be known.

Therefore if a personality change occurs, the new personality will have a different history, a different identity, and behavior.

These divided personalities or alters often have their distinctive characteristics:

  • name
  • age
  • gender
  • moods
  • memories
  • vocabulary

A new character will see each other differently. For example, when a male is born, someone may possess a different identity as a female. They can experience the biological characteristics of women.

The change between these personalities tends to occur when a person is facing or triggers a specific stressor.

Causes Of Split Personality Disorder

It is not entirely clear what the cause of DID is. The condition and the trauma are nevertheless strongly connected. It is especially true for childhood trauma or abuse. 90% of those who experience DID are victims of severe childhood trauma in Europe, the United States, and Canada.

This condition is someone who has difficulty integrating and assimilating certain aspects of their identity that break with time.

Symptoms And Signs

The DID signs may be different but include an alteration between two or more distinct individuals.


Two or more different personalities with their own identity and perceptions.

A significant change in the sense of a person.

Memory and personal history are common loopholes that are not due to normal forgetfulness, including memory loss and everyday events.

When these other characteristics take over, they often speak a different vocabulary and gesture. Some people can also use certain customs, such as smoking or being violent, the other. In some cases, some people.

A person may experience other symptoms when moving from one personality to another. There may be people who are afraid of the change in their nature. Some might get very angry or violent. Others may not notice or remember such transitions at all, but others may see them.

In response to certain situations, specific personalities may appear. Hence these symptoms may lead to severe distress and disrupt a person’s ability to live normally.

The following may be other symptoms:

  • amnesia
  • Time loses sense
  • go into a state like a transition
  • or depersonalize of out-of-body experience
  • to conduct that is unusual to the individual
  • Riots in sleep

An individual with DID may also have symptoms like self-harm or other conditions. Hence one study notes that over 70% of people with DID trust have tried to commit suicide.

Risk Factors

As a psychological response, the trauma often triggers DID, which is a substantial risk factor in childhood. Hence trauma may be caused by:

  • Fitness abuse
  • Sexual violence
  • Neglect of emotion
  • Abuse of psychology

In some cases, a child may not be explicitly abused but may not grow in a safe home. Therefore some may live with highly unpredictable parents, for example, and begin to dissociate themselves in response to the stress.

Along with other disorders, dissociative identity disorder may occur. In other words, several conditions could arise from the exact cause.

Other joint disorders with DID includes:

  • Disorder of borderline personality
  • depression
  • Disorder of Substance Use
  • Stress disorder post-traumatic
  • Disorders of eating
  • anxiety
  • Powerful-obsessive disorder


Diagnosis of DID takes time. Misdiagnosis is common, and physicians need to look at a person’s symptoms and reject other conditions.

Doctors must see the different personalities and how they affect the individual to make a diagnosis correctly.

In the full scale of the symptoms, time is also an essential factor. It is because people looking for DID help usually have symptoms associated with other conditions of mental health.

Moreover, as DID frequently happens alongside other disorders, doctors have to rule out the symptoms of other conditions before making a diagnosis. As such, treatments or medications may be prescribed first for the treatment of these conditions.


No guidelines for treating DID are available. Often doctors prescribe case-by-case treatments.

There is no specific DID drug. Therefore treatment plans manage any conditions next to DID and combine psychotherapy and any medication necessary to help symptoms.


The primary treatment for people with DID is psychotherapy or talk therapy. Techniques such as cognitive therapy may help people work and learn to accept the causes of personality shifts.

In DID, it intends to help integrate a person’s identity and learn to handle post-traumatic experiences.

Additional Treatments

Art therapy, movement therapy, and techniques of relaxation can all use to treat DID. These methods can help people in a low-stress environment to connect aspects of their minds.

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