Take Heart Counseling | Heart Disease And Heart Attacks In Teenagers: Heart disease is a broad phrase that encompasses virtually any disorder with the anatomy or function of the heart.
The most common cause of cardiac issues in children and adolescents is anatomical alterations that occur before or shortly after birth. In rare situations, these heart abnormalities can be severe enough to result in serious repercussions, including a heart attack.
This article will look at how teens can get heart disease. We’ll discuss the health risks for a heart attack or sudden cardiac death, as well as how to assist teens improve their heart health.
Take Heart Counseling | Heart Disease And Heart Attacks In Teenagers
Who Is At Risk For Cardiac Disease At A Young Age?
The following are the key risk factors for adolescent heart disease and heart attack:
- use of substances
- development or nutrition problems
- elevated blood pressure
- elevated cholesterol levels
- a lack of physical activity
Genetics and family history could also be factors.
According to a study conducted in 2015, blacks are more likely than other ethnic groups to suffer a heart attack or go into cardiac arrest, as well as be killed by heart disease. They are more likely to develop these illnesses since they have a greater number of risk factors. These risk factors may not be appropriately addressed due to disparities in healthcare access.
Heart attacks are more likely to occur in Asian Indians at a younger age than in other ethnic groups, a study published in 2018 found. According to the study, this may be related to normal dietary decisions, such as overconsumption of dairy products and underconsumption of fruits and vegetables.
What Causes A Heart Attack In A Youngster Or Child?
Teenagers seldom suffer heart attacks. Teen cardiac arrest is rare but increasing. These two names are commonly used interchangeably, but they’re different.
Blood to the heart stops suddenly, mainly owing to coronary artery disease. Blocked arteries prevent blood from reaching your heart.
Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops pumping. Brain and lungs can’t get blood. Teens can have heart attacks for some of the same reasons than adults.
Lifestyle variables are a minor risk because they haven’t had enough time to harm youth. In adults, smoking, inactivity, excessive cholesterol, as well as other factors impair heart function over decades.
Teens and young adults have congenital, electrical, or structural issues. These include:
- cardiomyopathy with hypertrophy
- The coronary artery has an abnormal aortic origin (AAOCA)
- polymorphic catecholaminergic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT)
- right ventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ARVC)
- QT prolongation syndrome
- The syndrome of Wolff-Parkinson-White
Other conditions or circumstances related with adolescent heart attacks or heart disease include:
- use of substances
- breathing problems
- heart rheumatoid arthritis
- The sickness of Kawasaki
- renal illness that is chronic
Symptoms Of A Heart Attack | Take Heart Counseling
The symptoms of a heart attack are not limited to chest pain. There are many possible symptoms, but here are some of the most common ones:
- feeling of being out of breath
- various parts of the body
You should seek immediate medical attention if you have any of these symptoms and are concerned that you are having a heart attack, whether or not you are experiencing any chest discomfort.
How Can Teenagers Enhance Their Heart Health?
It’s never too early to start thinking about your heart health. Adolescents can take preventive measures early on by learning about their family history and risk factors.
Children and young people should be encouraged to develop heart-healthy habits early in life in order to avoid heart disease. Here are some examples of heart-healthy habits:
- obtaining adequate sleep
- consuming a well-balanced diet
- exercising on a regular basis
- avoiding smoking and drug use
What Makes A Panic Attack Different From A Heart Attack?
- acute, stabbing discomfort
- Pain subsides with time.
- The ache in the chest persists.
- Symptoms subside in 20–30 minutes.
- heart rate that is racing
- trembling or shaking
- tingly sensation in the hands
- squeezing discomfort
- Exertion causes discomfort to worsen over time.
- The discomfort spreads to other places of your body.
- Symptoms may persist for several hours.
- The heart rate may remain constant or increase.
- vomiting or nausea
Is It A Heart Attack If I Get Chest Pain? | Take Heart Counseling
Aside from heart attacks, cardiac arrest, or heart disease, a variety of factors might cause teen chest pain. These are some examples:
- Muscle development or alterations
- fluctuating hormone levels
- Rapid growth
- trauma or injury
- ailments such as pneumonia
- Anxiety attacks
A 2021 study discovered that heart disorders accounted for fewer than 10% of the causes of chest pain in youngsters aged 13 to 18.
If you have chest pain as a result of a heart attack, it will normally start in the center of your chest and will come and go. Chest pain is typically described as a pressure or squeezing sensation rather than a severe ache.
The Bottom Line
Having a heart attack in your teens is quite uncommon. A congenital or genetic condition is almost often the root cause of adolescent cardiomyopathy.
Not very often do lifestyle choices lead to heart disease developing in young adulthood. Obesity and drug usage are typically to blame if heart disease does occur.
Preventing heart disease and heart attacks in teens can be as simple as getting them to exercise regularly, eating a healthy diet, and abstaining from drugs and alcohol.
It is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics to screen all children, not only athletes, when they enter middle or junior high school for the risk of cardiac arrest.